Raman microscopy to study aging tissues and senescent cells

в Peshkin/Kirschner Lab @ Harvard Medical School (посмотреть профиль)
Город Boston, United States
Опубликовано 03.08.2022
Категория Биоинформатика
Тип вакансии PhD или аспирант
Полная занятость
Постдок или научный сотрудник
Релокация
Стажировка
Адрес 250 Longwood Ave

Обязанности

this is a research position for someone experienced in microscopy of human and mouse tissues. You'd learn to use a novel workflow for imaging aging kidney and other organs to characterize the process of aging and disease and look for senescent cells in tissues. Read the following preprint and award description: 

Protein and Lipid Mass Concentration Measurement in Tissues by Stimulated Raman Scattering Microscopy 

https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/629543v4

Reverse Engineering of Cell Senescence

Abstract Cellular senescence is not just a symptom of aging, but a contributor to aging pathologies. Recent experiments in the mouse show that elimination of senescent cells (a.k.a. senolysis) can reverse several features of the aging process and extend life- and health-span. This has stimulated interest in cell senescence and in finding ways to suppress it that can be easily ported from mouse to human and made even more effective. This implies looking for such drugs as an early senolytic candidate – a kinase inhibitor dasatinib, whose mode of action is unclear. Taking senolytic therapies into human will also require a better understanding of the cell type specific progression towards senescence and diverse sub-types of senescence. In addition to aging per se cells respond to insults such as DNA damage, cell cycle arrest or oncogene activation by expressing aging phenotypes, such as hypertrophy, cell cycle arrest markers, and by secreting growth factors and chemokines, which are thought to produce degenerative responses in nearby cells. Hypertrophy may be one of the most pervasive senescent cell responses but has been hard to study, as until recently we have not had accurate enough means to measure cell mass and cell size, protein and lipid content. Yet, hypertrophy is of special interest because it is deeply connected to cell growth, which is normally under strict control in normal cells. We propose to study how cells, prompted by stressors like radiation or drugs or simply by age, become hypertrophic and how they come to express senescence markers. We have three goals: 1) to trace the progression of cell senescence in molecular terms by quantitative mass spectrometry and phospho-mass spectrometry, and in physiological terms by Raman microscopy, 2) to identify protein circuits responsible for cell senescence, and 3) to find drugs that will prevent, reverse, or eliminate senescent cells. As our tools of perturbation, we have chosen kinase inhibitors. Employing a machine learning approach, we will probe senescent cell development and senescent cell viability via a small set of well-characterized poly-specific kinase inhibitors; then regress a phenotype, such as senescence- specific signaling and senescent cell formation or death, to the activity of key kinases and their downstream circuits. Kinases implicated that way will be independently validated using siRNA knock downs and CRISPR. Additionally, extensive phospho-proteomic profiling will identify the phosphorylation sites on key proteins that most contribute to the phenotypes of senescence and which could be druggable by other means. Taken together, these methods will produce insight into the mode of action of already identified senolytic drugs and suggest new targets and new drugs for seno-therapies. This combination of pharmacology, machine learning, quantitative proteomics and new forms of microscopy can provide fresh insights into aging and suggest potential therapies for aging-related disease.

Требования

Position can be at many levels, from a graduate student to senior scientist. You must have experience  with sophisticated microscopy methods, clearing tissues, creating ultra thin tissue slices and staining. You must be interested in aging biology. 

 

Engineering, high power lasers, tinkering, 

MATLAB, MATLAB API

cryopreservation protocols 

 

Зарплата

salary will be defined based on your qualifications and employment history according to a standard NIH payscale

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